There are two species of
WWW-links on the ecology and biology of larvalPantala
no links found as of 15 January 1998
1a. Width ofbase of lateral spine on abdominal segment 9 > 0.33x length ofspineís length (picture); epiproct with rounded dorsal surfacewhen viewed laterally (picture) - P.hymenea
1b.Width of base of lateral spine on abdominal segment 9 < 0.33xlength of spineís length (picture); epiproct without roundeddorsal surface when viewed laterally (picture) -
Bick, G. H. 1951. Notes on Oklahomadragonflies. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science26:178-180.
Fabricius, J. C.1798. Supplementum entomologiae systematicae. pp. 283-285. Proft.(Schubothe), Hafniae.
Hagen, H. A. 1861.Synopsis of the Neuroptera of North America, with a list of the SouthAmerican species. SmithsonianMiscellaneous Collections4:1-347.
Huggins, D.G., and W. U. Brigham. 1982. Odonata, pp. 4.1-4.100.
Lamb, L. 1925. Atabular account of the differences between the earlier instars ofPantala flavescens (Odonata: Libellulidae).
Lamb, L. 1929. Thelater larval stages of Pantala (Odonata: Libellulidae).Transactions of the AmericanEntomological Society54:331-334.
Say, T. 1839.Descriptions of new North American neuropterous insects andobservations on some already described by (the late) Th. Say.Journal of the Academy of NaturalScience of Philadelphia 8:9-46.
Walker, E. M.,and J. S. Corbet. 1975. The Odonata of Canada and Alaska, Vol. 3.University of Toronto Press: Toronto. xvi + 308 pp.
Warren, A. 1915. Astudy of the food habits of the Hawaiian dragonflies or Pinau withreference to their economic relation to other insects.College of Hawaii Publications,Bulletin 3. 45 pp.